ADHD is caused by poor parenting.
There is no evidence that ADHD is caused by poor parenting. Research into the causes of ADHD shows that there is a strong genetic component and other biological risk factors to ADHD. Yet inconsistent or overly harsh parenting can make the symptoms worse: as with many other conditions, it can be aggravated by poor, neglectful, or abusive parenting. On the other hand, parents who educate themselves about ADHD and practice good parenting skills can help their children manage and succeed with ADHD.
Quiet kids can’t have ADHD.
Although most people associate ADHD with hyperactivity and loud, outgoing, and even aggressive behavior, one of the types of ADHD is called the “inattentive type.” Children with primarily inattentive ADHD can be quiet “daydreamers,” too often lost in their own world. Girls with ADHD are also more likely than boys to be primarily inattentive.
ADHD is not a real disease; it’s just an excuse for kids’ bad behavior.
ADHD has been studied for more than 100 years. Recent advances in research techniques have allowed scientists to learn more about the differences in the brains of people with ADHD. ADHD is a brain disorder that affects how people process and organize information and manage their impulses. Like other disorders, ADHD can lend itself to overdiagnosis; however, the criteria used to diagnose ADHD are clear and diagnosis should be made by a qualified professional.
ADHD is caused by too much sugar or not enough playtime and exercise.
There is no evidence that sugar, nutrition, or level of physical activity causes ADHD. As with most children, a healthy diet and adequate sleep can help children with ADHD do their best. And getting plenty of exercise can help children with ADHD manage their energy level. Some people with ADHD feel they can concentrate and focus better if they stay active.
The only way to treat ADHD is to get on medication right away.
Medications are an important part of treatment for most people with ADHD. However, most doctors recommend a “multimodal” approach to treatment—a plan that includes education and behavioral therapies as well as medication. Medication can give children and parents “breathing room,” providing relief from symptoms and helping with concentration; behavioral strategies can then work more effectively. In many cases, a multimodal approach is more effective than medication alone.