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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common medical disorder that appears in childhood

ADHD makes it hard for a person to focus and pay attention and can last into the teen and adult years. It can affect a person’s success at relationships, school, and work. Healthcare professionals recommend a multimodal treatment plan for children with ADHD—including medication, education, and behavioral therapies—to help children concentrate and learn. People with ADHD usually have average or above-average intelligence, and with treatment and support, can manage their ADHD and develop their strengths.

Six things you should know about ADHD

  • ADHD affects as many as 1 in 20 children, both boys and girls, though it occurs in boys more frequently
  • ADHD begins in childhood, though it may not be diagnosed until later in life
  • The symptoms of ADHD typically appear between the ages of 3 and 6
  • Adults with undiagnosed and untreated ADHD are more likely to have a history of school, work, and relationship challenges that affect their self-esteem and their opportunities
  • There are effective treatments available that help children and adults with ADHD develop their unique strengths
  • Children with ADHD are at a higher risk of developing oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder than are other youth

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David Mrazek M.D.

Dr. David Mrazek has been Chair of the Department of Psychiatry and Psychology at Mayo Clinic since September of 2000. His specialty is in...

Stephen Hinshaw Ph.D.

Dr. Hinshaw received his B.A. in Psychology and Social Relations from Harvard (summa cum laude) and his Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from UCLA in...

Peter Jensen M.D.

Dr. Jensen is the President, CEO, and founder of the REACH Institute (REsource for Advancing Children’s Health), a federally chartered nonprofit organization dedicated to...

Ray Kinney, MS, LCSW

Ray Kinney holds a master’s degree in clinical psychology and specializes in the evaluation and treatment of children and adults with attention deficit disorder,...

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